Analysis of page replacement policies in the fluid limit

The performance of storage systems and database systems depends significantly on the page replacement policies. Although many page replacement policies have been discussed in the literature, their performances are not fully understood except for simple page replacement policies such as Least Recently Used. We introduce analytical techniques for evaluating the performances of page replacement policies including Two Queue (2Q), which manages two buffers to capture both the recency and frequency of requests. We derive an exact expression for the probability that a requested item is found (the hit probability) in a buffer managed by 2Q in the fluid limit, where the number of items is scaled by n, the size of items is scaled by 1/n, and n approaches infinity. The hit probability in the fluid limit approximates the hit probability in the original system, and we find that the relative error in the approximation is typically within 1%. Our analysis also illuminates several fundamental properties of 2Q useful for system designers.

By: Ryo Hirade, Takayuki Osogami

Published in: RT0768 in 2007


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