Recognition of New Words Based on Entropy and Morphological Rules

No lexicon could be expected to contain every possible word of a language, given the dynamic nature of languages and the creativity of human beings. Words unknown to the lexicon cause a lot of problems to natural language processing (NLP) systems which depend on lexical information such as part-of-speech tagging and terminology identification. Recent advances in technology speed up the creation of new, especially domain-specific, words; thus, timely and proper recognition of new words is very important for building reliable NLP systems.

This paper proposes methods for identifying probable real words among out-of-vocabulary (OOV) words in text and for generating possible parts-of-speech (POS) of the discovered new words. The identification of new words is performed based on the morphological rules of the language for derived new words and based on entropy of character trigrams for newly coined words. The POS guessing is done on the basis of lexical formation rules and word endings respectively. The proposed methods show promising results in both precision and recall.

By: Youngja Park

Published in: RC22978 in 2003


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