Effect of electron–phonon interaction on the formation of one-dimensional electronic states in coupled Cl vacancies

The formation of extended electron states in one-dimensional nanostructures is of key importance for the function of molecular electronics devices. Here we study the effects of strong electron--phonon interaction on the formation of extended electronic states in intentionally created Cl vacancy pairs and chains in a NaCl bilayer on Cu(111). The interaction between the vacancies was tailored by fabricating vacancy pairs and chains of different orientation and separation with atomic precision using vertical manipulation. Small vacancy separations led to the formation of quantum-well-like vacancy states and localized interface states. Using scanning tunneling spectroscopy, we measured their energy splitting and broadening as a function of the inter-vacancy separation. Remarkably, the energy splitting between the vacancy states is enlarged by level repulsion resulting from phonon dressing of the electronic states, as evidenced by theory.

By: Bruno Schuler, Mats Persson, Sami Paavilainen, Niko Pavlicek, Leo Gross, Gerhard Meyer, Jascha Repp

Published in: RZ3898 in 2014


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