Theoretical Study of Chemisorption on Niobium Clusters: Carbon Monoxide and Oxygen

We have studied chemisorption on niobium clusters based on the local spin density approximation in a scheme which uses pseudopotentials and a plane wave expansion of the electronic wave functions. Results are presented for geometries and the electronic structure of Nb(4) and Nb(8), and compared with experimental data of ionization potentials. Key issues concerning atomic and molecular adsorption on metal clusters are the nature of the binding, the preferred configurations, and the changes induced on the cluster properties. We have examined these questions in the case of carbon monoxide and oxygen. For carbon monoxide, we calculate a significant reduction of the stretch vibration frequency and, in the case of oxygen, shifts of the ionization potentials were obtained. Our results for oxygen are in agreement with experimental data, indicating only a minor shift of the ionization potential due to oxidation, also as a function of coverage.

By: Henrik Groenbeck (Goteberg Univ., Sweden), Arne Rosen (Chalmers Univ. of Technology, Sweden) and Wanda Andreoni

Published in: Zeitschrift fuer Physik D. Atoms Molecules and Clusters, volume 40, (no 1-4), pages 206-9 in 1997

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